Law and Policy: New Homeschool Definition Passes!

Jul 10, 2013

On May 30, 2013, I, along with many homeschool students, parents and supportive legislators witnessed the signing into law of Senate Bill 189 by Governor Pat McCrory. The endeavor that NCHE began in the fall of 2012 was successfully accomplished with the governor’s signature. Here is the definition in the new law: "Home school" means a nonpublic school consisting of the children of not more than two families or households, where the parents or legal guardians or members of either household determine the scope and sequence of academic instruction, provide academic instruction, and determine additional sources of academic instruction.


Spencer Mason and Gov. Pat McCrory at the signing of SB 189.
Banner Image: Homeschooled students witnessing Gov. Pat McCrory signing SB 189. On the back row: Sen. Woodard, Rep. Jones, Rep. Stam, Sen. Cook, Sen. Barefoot, Rep. Riddell

NCHE had not attempted to have new legislation introduced in the North Carolina General Assembly since May 1988, when we asked Senator Dennis Winner to file a substitute bill for House Bill 837, thus creating our current law. Since then, NCHE has focused on being a watchdog (and sometimes an attack dog) to protect homeschooling rights in NC. This year was the opportune time to go on the offensive, and here is why.

Since the 1988-89 school year, NCHE has had a running debate with the North Carolina Division of Non-Public Education (DNPE). They interpreted the law, passed in 1988, to require homeschool parents to provide all fundamental core instruction (language arts, math, science and social studies) in their homeschools. NCHE took the position that the law didn’t require the parent to personally provide all the fundamental instruction, but they could get help outside of the home when they needed it.

Several years ago DNPE allowed that homeschool students could receive supplemental instruction from someone other than the parent once the parent provided fundamental (first) instruction in core subjects. This supplemental instruction could be in a co-op or with a tutor, but a teacher, other than the parent, could not provide fundamental instruction. While this was an improvement, it didn’t resolve the problem. According to the DNPE interpretation, no one outside the home, including grandparents, could provide fundamental instruction. Parents who had children with learning disabilities still could not employ a specialist to help their children. Co-ops where fundamental instruction was provided were not in compliance with the homeschool law.

While this debate with DNPE was going on, NCHE was advising homeschoolers to tell their legislators, “We like our law; please don’t change it.” The reason for this incongruence was two-fold. One reason was that the DNPE had implemented a “don’t ask, don’t tell” policy. Most homeschool students were getting help from outside the home, and were not suffering any consequences. And two, we were concerned that opening up the law with legislative action could result in more homeschool regulation. However, through the years, NCHE has been contacted by several homeschool parents who were negatively impacted by the DNPE interpretation. The NCHE board had a running debate on how to fix this problem.

In the fall of 2012, the NCHE legislative committee began to ask the question, “If we could change the law to fix this problem, what would it look like?” After the November elections, I proposed that the legislative committee support changing the homeschool law. In the November meeting, the NCHE board of directors gave the legislative committee authority to begin research on changing the homeschool law. This was the formal beginning of our mission to improve our homeschool law.

Here is a brief timeline of the events leading up to successful completion of our undertaking.

January—NCHE alerted the public to the possibilities of a change through the GREENHOUSE article “Homeschooling and Outside Classes” in early January. Here is a quote from that article. “We now have a house of representatives, a senate and a governor who seem to be homeschool friendly. We are now evaluating our chances of getting clarifying language added to our homeschool law while avoiding more regulation.”

            Meetings were held in Wilmington, Raleigh, Kernersville, Charlotte and Hendersonville to get homeschoolers’ input on changing the law. The overwhelming majority of homeschoolers who responded were in favor of our efforts. However, we began to hear from a small, but vocal, number of homeschoolers who were opposed to changing the law in any way. There were a number of objections, but the primary reason was fear that attempting to change the law for the better might result in a worse law. NCHE was well aware of this danger. The meetings were attended mostly by supporters, but those who opposed changing the law attended also.  Some board members of the North Carolina Coalition of Home Educators (Coalition) attended meetings, and they pledged their support. In addition to these meetings, NCHE consulted with homeschool dads who were attorneys, HSLDA and legislators.

February—This month was spent almost entirely refining the wording of a potential bill, and answering questions and responding to emails and phone calls about the possible changes in the law. I worked with the staff attorney for the General Assembly, research attorneys, homeschool parents and the Coalition. The bill drafting process in the legislature began. We finally arrived at wording that was simple and pleased the legislators, the lawyers and the homeschool parents we were working with.

March—The NCHE board voted to proceed and have companion bills filed in the House and the Senate. SB 189 and HB 230 were filed on March 5. Most of the month was spent lining up sponsors and lobbying legislators for support. The House passed HB 230 unanimously on March 20!

April—The NCHE legislative committee began concentrating on lobbying the Senate to pass HB 230/SB 189. The Senate passed SB 189 unanimously on April 25.


Generation Joshua student Mary Hanna testifying before the Senate Committee on Education/Higher Education on April 24.

May—On the first day of our annual conference, May 23, the House passed SB 189 unanimously! It was ratified the following day.

We had a lot of help in this process. Cliff Brinson and Tom Roberts, (homeschool dads and attorneys) Amy Chauncey (a learning specialist), my son-in-law, Daniel Carter, my wife, Debbie, and all the homeschool parents who offered feedback played a big part in getting the language in the bills right. Representative Paul Stam gave invaluable help in getting our bill drafted and finding primary sponsors for HB 230 and the lead sponsor for SB 189. Our primary sponsors, Representatives Chris Malone, Susan Martin, Mark Brody and Ruth Samuelson, for HB 230, and Senators Bill Cook, Chad Barefoot and Norman Sanderson, for SB 189, presented a compelling need for amending the law in education committees and their respective chambers. We sent twelve NCHE E-Briefs and posted many updates about this legislation to keep our members and friends informed and to ask them to contact their representative and senator to ask for their support. I got to know many of the legislative assistants when I called or visited their offices and found them to be gracious and helpful. The Coalition, especially Carmen Ledford and Brenda Brown, and the Generation Joshua students spent many hours lobbying on behalf of the bills. It took many people to get our law changed. It was a lot of work, but it was worth it. Now NC homeschool parents can educate their children with even greater freedom.

Here are a few of the comments we received from the legislators we worked with:

“When I realized the potential improvement in the lot of homeschoolers throughout North Carolina by providing them more flexibility, resource accessibility and educational options, I became passionate in making the bill a law. I was proud to be lead on the bill, and happy for each homeschool parent that they will be able to better educate their child. I so appreciated working with NCHE to get this done. We were a great team and maybe we can again work collaboratively to do good things for others.”—Representative Chris Malone

“Homeschooling is a super alternative to public education. I want to do everything I can to promote homeschooling and make sure that parents have the tools they need to teach their children.”—Senator Bill Cook

“As a former homeschooler, the bill made perfect sense to me. We need parents to be able to take advantage of the new options and technologies that exist for educating their children.”—Representative Ruth Samuelson

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Comments

Christie Cheatham's picture

Thank you NCHE, parents, kids, and everyone else for working so hard and diligently on this. I personally appreciate you and your dedication to getting this law passed! Praying God's blessings and continued guidance for each of you.

Susan DuBose Marshall's picture

Go NCHE!!!! Thanks Spencer for all that you have done on this effort and so much in the past. I'm thankful to continue to be a part of NCHE. Susan Marshall, retired homeschool mom of 20+ years

Natalie Rios's picture

Thank you parents, students, and friends of NCHE. This is an incredible opportunity to have the flexibility of creating our own scope and sequence and being able to teach our children according to their strengths and interests. In an age of indifference, I thank God for the opportunity to homeschool our child and having the support of NCHE is a rich blessing.

Jamie Holden's picture

Great Work! We just started homeschooling in January. It is encouraging to know that we have the support of NCHE, the governor (I knew I liked that guy!), and state representatives. Thank you so much for looking out for our best interest.

Martha Church's picture

Through reading this, I still don't know what laws were changed. Would someone please explain to me what outside help we are allowed to have or are allowed to do? I am so confused . Not only about this but the common core also. Does that apply to homeschoolers? And if so, where do I find this information? Thank you.

fsmason's picture

The origional 1988 law that NCHE worked for read as follows.

§ 115C - 563. Definitions.

As used in this Part or Parts 1 and 2 of this section: Article:

  1. "Home school" means a nonpublic school in which one or more receive academic instruction from parents or legal guardians, or a member of either household.

The NC-Division of Non-Public Education (DNPE) and the state Attorney General interpreted this to mean that all primary instruction in core subjects (language arts, math, science and social studies) could only be provided by the homeschool teacher. Many homeschoolers were participating in co-ops and classes where the primary instruction was being provided by someone other than the child's parents, or they were getting outside help for their struggling learners. There were also some grandparents who were not a part of the household who were providing the primary instruction. These situations were clearly not in compliance with the DNPE understanding of the homeschool definition in the law. The DNPE response to these situations was that if homeschoolers don't tell them about co-ops, outside classes, learning specialists or grandparents providing instruction they can't do anything about the homeschool family’s lack of adherence to the DNPE interpretation of the law.

The reason NCHE wanted to change the law was to make it very clear that parents could avail themselves of help from outside the home in the instruction of their children. We wanted to clarify that it was not from whom the children received their instruction that defined homeschooling, but who directed their education.

The new definition clearly gives parents the authority to chose the from a variety of educational resourses for their children’s education. It reads as follows.

§ 115C-563.  Definitions.

As used in this Part or Parts 1 and 2 of this Article:

(a)        "Home school" means a nonpublic school consisting of the children of not more than two families or households, where the parents or legal guardians or members of either household determine the scope and sequence of academic instruction, provide academic instruction, and determine additional sources of academic instruction.

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